Just as you can use essential oils to scent your soap and bath products, you can also use essential oils to create all natural perfumes. First you need an understanding of some of the basic elements of perfume. A good book will give you a much more comprehensive guide to making your own fragrances, so think of this article as a crash course.
A fragrance family is a group of aromas that are similar. While there are a number of fragrance families in the world of perfume, only the most common families are listed in this article. A good book on perfumery will delve into a more thorough look at fragrance categories and components. But here is a start:
• Citrus – light and fresh scents of lemon, orange, bergamot, grapefruit, and more
• Floral – smelling of flowers such as rose, lavender, jasmine and gardenia
• Fruity – smelling of fruits, such as peaches, apples, mandarin, and melons
• Green – fresh, outdoor scents of pine, juniper, rosemary, and more
• Oriental – a heavy fragrance such as woods, resins, musk, and vanilla
• Ozone – smelling of fresh air like ocean spray or crisp mountain air
• Spicy – smells of spices, such as cloves, ginger and cinnamon
• Woody – smells of wood like vetiver, cedar, and sandalwood
If you are designing a whole fragrance line, or just getting ideas for your soaps, it’s good to create a scent from each category to appeal to a variety of customers. If all you have are floral perfumes, you will not have enough scents to appeal to the masses.
Components of Perfume
Every perfume should consist of three scent "notes" which complement each other. It is important to create scents with ALL three notes for well rounded, long-lasting fragrance. Essential oils are classified as either top, middle, or base notes, and each one brings its own unique qualities. Many essential oils can actually be placed in more than one note.
• Top note: This provides the first impression of the fragrance, and it also is the lightest and evaporates the quickest. Most essential oils fall in the top note category.
• Middle note: This brings the base and top notes together and defines the fragrance family. They take a little longer to first detect, but can last hours.
• Base note (also known as an anchor or fixative): This scent lasts the longest, adds depth to the fragrance and carries the other scents. This tends to be a heavy scent.
Please refer to the table of essential oils and their corresponding notes provided in this article. Not all essential oils are listed. This list includes the most commonly found essential oils with most soap supply companies.
Clary Sage *
Tea Tree *
Ylang Ylang *
*Indicates the EO can be placed in more than one category.
Bath Alchemy by The Bonnie Bath Co.